Typically, the only thing you hear about wisdom teeth is their removal. Extraction of the wisdom teeth has become a common practice among teens and young adults. Premier Dental provides wisdom teeth extraction as part of our dental surgery services.
What are Wisdom Teeth?
Wisdom teeth is another name for third molars. People call them “wisdom” teeth because they usually erupt (come into the mouth) between eighteen to twenty-five years of age. In general, they comprise a set of molars behind your first and second molars, so they are all the way at the back of the mouth. Most people have them in all four quadrants of the mouth (upper right, upper left, lower right and lower left), but many people do not have all four wisdom teeth.
Wisdom teeth are normal, fully formed teeth. They develop later in life than the rest of your teeth, and they commonly end up at the wrong angle.
When we recommend having wisdom teeth removed
The need for removal of wisdom teeth is based on the likelihood of future dental problems or the current presence of dental problems. Basically, we can take the list of requirements for keeping wisdom teeth and discuss the opposite as reasons for removal.
- The upper and/or lower jaws are not big enough for the wisdom teeth to come all the way into the mouth. This leads to a situation called “partial eruption”. When a tooth partially erupts, it does not emerge completely out of the gums, and it still has some gum tissue covering it. This partial gum covering creates a great hiding spot for bacteria. A collection of bacteria under the flap of gum tissue leads to these dental problems:
- Cavities – You can get a cavity on a tooth that is not even completely in the mouth, yet!
- Gum disease and bone loss – Unfortunately, the gum disease doesn’t stick to the wisdom tooth. It often travels to the neighboring second molar, too.
- Pericoronitis – This painful swelling develops around the partially erupted tooth. It is extremely common on lower wisdom teeth, and the only way to prevent its occurrence is to extract the tooth.
- The wisdom teeth are not coming in straight. When erupting teeth are at an angle other than parallel, they become impacted. This angulation prevents them from coming into the mouth and can lead to erosion of the roots of the neighboring molar. In order to protect your second molar, you must remove impacted wisdom teeth.
- You are not able to keep the wisdom teeth clean. Even in patients with large jaws and straight wisdom teeth, they can be a problem. Being so far back in the mouth makes it very difficult to keep them free of plaque and food debris. This puts them at a higher risk for developing cavities and gum disease than other teeth you are able to reach.
Do You or a Loved One Need Removal of Wisdom Teeth?
If so, call your nearest Premier Dental of Ohio location today to schedule a wisdom teeth consultation. Our knowledgeable and experienced dentists can answer any questions you have about wisdom teeth.